Papers, Speeches, and Articles by James Crawford

Bilingual Education

The Decline of Bilingual Education: How To Reverse a Troubling Trend? excerpt full text
Article in the International Multilingual Research Journal (2007)

Numbers Game: Challenging the Fallacies about Proposition 227 open access
Article for the Bilingual Family Newsletter, Summer 2003

Hard Sell: Why Is Bilingual Education So Unpopular with the American Public? excerpt full text
Policy brief for the Education Policy Studies Laboratory (Arizona State University)

La Educación Bilingüe en Estados Unidos: Política versus Pedagogía open access
Paper presented at I Jornadas Internacionales de Educación Plurilingüe, Ayuntamiento de Vitoria-Gasteiz, País Vasco, España, 20 November 2001

The Campaign Against Proposition 227: A Post Mortem excerpt full text
Bilingual Research Journal 21, no. 1. Analysis of California's anti-bilingual initiative, February 1999

Ten Common Fallacies about Bilingual Education open access
Digest for the ERIC Clearinghouse on Languages and Linguistics, November 1998

The Bilingual Education Story: Why Can't the News Media Get It Right? excerpt full text
Critique of press coverage in the Prop. 227 campaign, presented to the National Association of Hispanic Journalists, 26 June 1998

The Political Paradox of Bilingual Education excerpt full text
Social Justice 25, no. 3 (Fall 1998)


Making Sense of Census 2000 excerpt full text
Policy brief for the Education Policy Studies Laboratory (Arizona State University)

The Census and Linguistic Minorities: A Guide for the Perplexed open access
From the archives of the Language Policy Web Site

English Only

Frequently Asked Questions about Official English open access
FAQ for the Institute for Language and Education Policy (2006)

Official English Legislation: Bad for Civil Rights, Bad for America's Interests, and Even Bad For English open access
Testimony before the U.S. House Subcommittee on Education Reform, 26 July 2006

Monolingual and Proud of It open access
Guardian Weekly (UK), 8 March 2001

Boom to Bust: Official English in the 1990s excerpt full text
From At War with Diversity: U.S. Language Policy in an Age of Anxiety (2000)

Surviving the English Only Assault: Public Attitudes and the Future of Language Education excerpt full text
Speech to the Michigan Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages, 16 November 1996

Anatomy of the English Only Movement: Social and Ideological Sources of Language Restrictionism in the United States excerpt full text
Paper presented at a Conference on Language Legislation and Linguistic Rights, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 21 March 1996

Heritage Languages

Heritage Languages in America: Tapping a "Hidden" Resource excerpt full text
From Advocating for English Learners: Selected Essays (2008)

Seven Hypotheses on Language Loss: Causes and Cures excerpt full text
In Stabilizing Indigenous Languages, ed. Gina Cantoni (Flagstaff: Center for Excellence in Education, Northern Arizona University, 1996)

Endangered Native American Languages: What Is to Be Done, and Why? excerpt full text
Revised version of an article in the Bilingual Research Journal, vol. 19, no. 1 (Winter 1995)

Language Rights

Loose Ends in a Tattered Fabric: The Inconsistency of Language Rights in the United States excerpt full text
In J. Magnet, Ed., Language Rights in Comparative Perspective (Markham, ON: LexisNexis Butterworths, 2008)

Legislating Language, Mandating Inequality open access
Article in The WorldPaper, special issue on language policy, July 1996

Summing up the Lau Decision: Justice Is Never Simple open access
Overview article for the proceedings of a national symposium, Revisiting the Lau Decision: 20 Years Later (Oakland, CA: ARC Associates, 1996)

No Child Left Behind

A Diminished Vision of Civil Rights excerpt full text
Commentary for Education Week, 6 June 2007

No Child Left Behind: Misguided Approach to School Accountability for ELLs open access
Presentation at a forum sponsored by the Center on Education Policy, September 2004

Obituary: The Bilingual Education Act, 1968-2002 open access
Policy brief for the Education Policy Studies Laboratory (Arizona State University)


Agenda for Inaction: A Critique of the National Research Council Report Improving Schooling for Language-Minority Children open access
International Journal of the Sociology of Language 155/156 (2002)

"Accountability" Versus Science in the Bilingual Education Debate excerpt full text
Policy brief for the Education Policy Studies Laboratory (Arizona State University)

Life in a Politicized Climate: What Role for Educational Researchers? open access
Speech to the Linguistic Minority Research Institute, Conference on the Schooling of ELLs in the Post-227 Era, 14 May 1999

FarCry - Mollio